In 2015, the world witnessed a remarkable breakthrough in artificial intelligence – the automatic description of images. Machine learning algorithms were capable of labeling objects in images and converting these labels into natural phrases, sparking the curiosity of researchers.

But what if we reversed the process? Could we convert images into text? This idea led to the fascinating exploration of generating images from text, an arduous task involving the creation of entirely new scenes that never existed in reality. Over time, this technology has evolved at a breathtaking pace, ushering in a new era of possibilities and artistic expression.

The Journey of Creativity

The journey towards the conversion of text to images began with a challenge to the computer model. By entering unique prompts like a red or green school bus in the United States, the computer attempted to generate previously unseen images. While early attempts resulted in small, ambiguous images, researchers continued to refine the process. More ambitious prompts, such as a herd of flying elephants in a blue sky, an old photo of a cat, a toilet with the lid up in a grassy field, or a bowl of bananas on a table, demonstrated the potential for further development.

The Rise of AI-Generated Art

As the technology advanced, AI-generated art began to emerge. Artworks created through AI, like a portrait sold for over $400,000 in 2018, showcased the creative potential of this innovative technology. To create such art, developers gathered vast datasets relevant to the specific art style they aimed to mimic, but limitations emerged as these models were constrained to specific art genres. However, generating images from text required a more complex and innovative approach, leading to the creation of massive models capable of transcending conventional artistic boundaries.

DALL·E: The Gateway to Creativity

In January 2021, OpenAI unveiled DALL·E, an AI tool named in tribute to the renowned painter Salvador Dalí. DALL·E could create images based on text prompts. Recently, OpenAI announced DALL·E 2, promising even more realistic results and seamless editing capabilities. Although not yet publicly available, developers have created accessible text-to-image generators, opening up a new world of creative possibilities.

Engineering Dialogue with Deep Learning

Engaging with these large deep learning models is akin to a magical dialogue, where the right words become spells that conjure mesmerizing visuals. Each model is like a peculiar collaborator, exchanging unpredictable ideas. By leveraging this technology, artists can create stunning imagery without traditional painting, photography, drawing, or coding skills. A simple combination of words is enough to craft captivating scenes.

The Hidden Dimensions of the Model

The magic lies within the model’s hidden space, a multi-dimensional realm with over 500 distinct dimensions, representing variables beyond human recognition or naming. This space organizes different clusters, each capturing various features or concepts, such as banana shapes, 1960s textures, snowscapes, and decorative snow globes. Any point within this space corresponds to a possible image, and the text prompt guides the model to that point.

The Art and Ethics of Text-to-Image Technology

As AI-generated art gains popularity, questions arise concerning the ethical use of artists’ works and the rights of creators. Ensuring transparency about the source of datasets and obtaining consent from artists whose works are used are essential steps in embracing this technology responsibly. Additionally, the data fed to these models reflects our societal values, highlighting both its potential and the responsibility to address biases and cultural representation.


The text-to-image revolution signifies a transformative shift in how humans imagine, communicate, and interact with culture. By unlocking the power of AI-generated art, individuals from diverse creative backgrounds can embark on an endless journey of expression. Yet, we must approach this realm with caution, acknowledging the profound implications and unforeseen consequences it may bring. As we venture into the future, let us explore this magical new frontier, guiding it with wisdom, compassion, and respect for art, artists, and our shared humanity.